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Thursday, February 7, 2019

An Over view of STOCK MARKETS - Poolabala


Stock markets enable companies to  trade publicly. In addition to  raising capital stock markets allow public participation and ownership of big enterprises.  The ownership is traded and transferred in a regulated, secure environment. Stock markets allow companies to grow their businesses. Stock markets directly and indirectly create jobs in the economy.

NIFTY /SENSEX

NIFTY

IISL has been formed with the objective of providing a variety of indices and index related services and products for the capital markets. a subsidiary of the National Stock Exchange of India (NSE)  based in Mumbai, Maharashtra. India Index Services & Products Ltd. operates as a subsidiary of NSE Strategic Investment Corporation Limited. The company maintains over 100 equity indices comprising broad-based benchmark indices, sectoral indices and customized indices

The Nifty 50 was launched 1st April 1996, and is one of the many stock indices of Nifty. Nifty is owned and managed by India Index Services and Products (IISL), The NIFTY 50 covers 12 sectors such as NIFTY Bank, NIFTY IT, NIFTY Pharma, NIFTY SERV SECTOR, NIFTY  of the Indian economy and offers investment managers exposure to the Indian market in one portfolio.

The base value of the index has been set at 1000 and a base capital of Rs 2.06 trillion.
1997       Investors deserted  Asian shares during the Asian Financial Crisis.
2008       market fell due to the US Subprime Mortgage Crisis.
2013       market fell due to depreciation of the Indian Rupee.
2015       market fell driven by the meltdown in the Chinese Stock market.
2016       market fell driven by the Brexit Referendum

SENSEX was introduced in 1986 

The term Sensex was coined by Deepak Mohoni, a stock market analyst. It is a portmanteau of the words Sensitive and Index.  (Deepak Mohoni is a graduate from IIT Kanpur and did his MBA from IIM Calcutta. He studied at the Scindia School Gwalior. He is a regular columnist in The Economic Times and Business World writing about technical analysis. He appears regularly on CNBC-TV18. He has also appeared on BBC, Star TV, Doordarshan, and Reuters TV.)


BSE was established in 1875. 

Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) is Asia's first exchange and the largest securities market in India

BSE SENSEX or  Bombay Stock Exchange Sensitive Index is a free-float market-Published since 1 January 1986 is regarded as the pulse of the domestic stock markets in India.  30 well-established and financially sound companies listed on Bombay Stock Exchange. The 30 component companies which are some of the largest and most actively traded stocks, are representative of various industrial sectors of the Indian economy.  it reflects current market conditions. The index is calculated based on a free float capitalisation method, a variation of the market capitalisation method.

On 22 May 2006, the SENSEX plunged by 1,100 points during intra-day trading, leading to the suspension of trading for the first time since 17 May 2004. The volatility of the SENSEX had caused investors to lose Rs 6 trillion (US$131 billion) within seven trading sessions. The then Finance Minister of India, P. Chidambaram, made an unscheduled press statement when trading was suspended to assure investors that nothing was wrong with the fundamentals of the economy, and advised retail investors to stay invested.

BSE SENSEX fell by 615 points in a single day on 1 August 2007 and in 2008 due to the subprime crisis in the U.S. lost 833.98 points 

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